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Gridded Hydrologic Model Output
The Gridded Hydrologic Model Output page provides access to gridded, 1/16-degree (roughly 35 km2) projections of hydrologic states and fluxes for four watersheds in British Columbia, Canada. The gridded data were simulated using the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model (Liang et al. 1994, 1996). The simulations are generated by forcing the VIC model using statistically downscaled global climate model (GCM) projections from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 3 (CMIP3; Meehl et al. 2007) driven by a range of future emission specified by three separate scenarios (A1B, A2 and B1) from the IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES; Nakicenovic et al. 2000). Also included is historical data generated by running the VIC model with interpolated observed climate data.
The simulated data includes snow water equivalent, soil moisture, surface runoff (runoff), subsurface runoff (baseflow), and actual evapotranspiration for a region covering the Peace, upper Columbia, Fraser and Campbell River watersheds. Daily values are provided for all variables, with projected data available from 1/1/1950 to 31/12/2100 and historical data available from 1/1/1950 to 31/12/2006. For the hydrologic projections, the GCM data were downscaled to a 1/16-degree resolution using Bias-Correction Spatial Disaggregation (BCSD) (Wood et al. 2004) following Werner (2011). Application of the VIC model and the generation of hydrologic projections for the Peace, Fraser, upper Columbia and Campbell River watersheds are described in Shrestha et al. (2012) and Schnorbus et al. (2011, 2014).
When referring to the Gridded Hydrologic Model Output data retrieved from the website or found otherwise, the source must be clearly stated:
Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium, University of Victoria, (Jan. 2014). Gridded Hydrologic Model Output. Downloaded from <Permalink> on <Date>.
No Warranty: The Gridded Hydrologic Model Output is provided by the Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium with an open license on an “AS IS” basis without any warranty or representation, express or implied, as to its accuracy or completeness. Any reliance you place upon the information contained here is your sole responsibility and strictly at your own risk. In no event will the Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium be liable for any loss or damage whatsoever, including without limitation, indirect or consequential loss or damage, arising from reliance upon the data or derived information.
Liang, X., D. P. Lettenmaier, E. F. Wood, and S. J. Burges, 1994: A simple hydrologically based model of land-surface water and energy fluxes for general-circulation models. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmospheres, 99, 14415–14428, doi:10.1029/94JD00483.
Liang, X., E. F. Wood, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 1996: Surface soil moisture parameterization of the VIC-2L model: Evaluation and modification. Glob. Planet. Change, 13, 195–206, doi:10.1016/0921-8181(95)00046-1.
Meehl, G. A., C. Covey, K. E. Taylor, T. Delworth, R. J. Stouffer, M. Latif, B. McAvaney, and J. F. B. Mitchell, 2007: The WCRP CMIP3 Multimodel Dataset: A New Era in Climate Change Research. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 88, 1383–1394, doi:10.1175/BAMS-88-9-1383.
Nakicenovic, N., and Coauthors, 2000: Emissions Scenarios. N. Nakicenovic and R. Swart, Eds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 570 pp.
Schnorbus, M., A. Werner, and K. Bennett, 2014: Impacts of climate change in three hydrologic regimes in British Columbia, Canada. Hydrol. Process., 28, 1170–1189, doi:10.1002/hyp.9661.
Schnorbus, M. A., K. E. Bennett, A. T. Werner, and A. J. Berland, 2011: Hydrologic Impacts of Climate Change in the Peace, Campbell and Columbia Watersheds, British Columbia, Canada. Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, 157 pp.
Shrestha, R. R., M. A. Schnorbus, A. T. Werner, and A. J. Berland, 2012: Modelling spatial and temporal variability of hydrologic impacts of climate change in the Fraser River basin, British Columbia, Canada. Hydrol. Process., 26, 1840–1860, doi:10.1002/hyp.9283.
Werner, A. T., 2011: BCSD downscaled transient climate projections for eight select GCMs over British Columbia, Canada. Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, 63 pp.
Wood, A. W., L. R. Leung, V. Sridhar, and D. P. Lettenmaier, 2004: Hydrologic implications of dynamical and statistical approaches to downscaling climate model outputs. Clim. Change, 62, 189–216, doi:10.1023/B:CLIM.0000013685.99609.9e.